Xinhua Media + | Experts popularize stroke prevention and health knowledge from the beginning of prevention and treatment

  Xinhua News Agency, Harbin, October 29 (Reporter Yang Siqi) Stroke, commonly known as “stroke”, refers to a disease caused by the sudden rupture or blockage of a certain part of the cerebral blood vessel, with high morbidity, disability and mortality. , high recurrence rate and high economic burden “five high” characteristics. According to the “Report of the Third National Review of Death Causes and Sampling”, stroke has become the leading cause of death among residents in my country, and is known as “the number one killer of human health”.

  Experts interviewed pointed out that the climate in northern my country is gradually turning colder, and the temperature difference between day and night and the temperature difference between indoor and outdoor is large, which is easy to induce cerebral vasoconstriction and blood pressure fluctuations.

Tang Ying (second from right) rounds the hospital. (Photo provided by the interviewee)

  According to Professor Tang Ying, director of the Neurology Stroke Ward of the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, some studies have found that with age, after the age of 55, the risk of stroke will double every 10 years. In addition to family hereditary factors, diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, dyslipidemia, carotid artery stenosis, and unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking and alcoholism will increase the risk.

  How to quickly identify a stroke? According to Tang Ying, the symptoms mainly include: unsteady walking and difficulty in maintaining balance; blurred eyes, sudden blackening of one or both eyes or blurred vision; face is not straight, mouth is turned to one side when smiling; arms are not flat, hands are raised horizontally From time to time, one side fell; the speech was ineffective, the tongue was dumb, etc.

  How to prevent the occurrence of stroke? Tang Ying suggested that one should have a reasonable diet, pay attention to low-salt, low-fat, meat and vegetable mix, eat more vegetables and fruits, maintain enough protein, and control the intake of oil, salt, and sugar. The second is to promote a healthy lifestyle, quit smoking, quit drinking, and develop regular work and rest. The third is to do physical exercise properly, master the amount of exercise and exercise intensity, especially to keep warm when going out in winter. At the same time, we must pay attention to the prevention and treatment of heart disease, atrial fibrillation, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, etc., and insist on taking medicines on time and regularly as prescribed by the doctor.

  ”For stroke patients, it is very important to learn to quickly identify stroke.” Tang Ying reminded that early intravenous thrombolysis is an effective method for ischemic stroke. It is necessary to seize the golden 4.5 hours and quickly identify stroke warning signs. And call the ambulance, racing against time to save lives.