Xinhua All Media+丨 Stroke should be prevented and treated early, please check this advice from experts

  Xinhua News Agency, Tianjin, October 28 (Reporters Zhang Jianxin and Bai Jiali) October 29 is the 17th “World Stroke Day”. Experts remind that the incidence of stroke is showing a trend of younger people, and the important reason is the risk factors for stroke in young people. Increase. Experts suggest that early prevention and early treatment should be used to develop good living habits.

  Yan Tao, chief physician of the Department of Neurology, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, said that stroke is one of the main causes of disability and death in the global population, with high morbidity, high disability, high mortality, high recurrence rate, and high economic burden. Five characteristics.

  Experts such as Yan Tao believe that at present, research data from around the world and in my country show that the population of the disease has shown a younger trend. According to the “China Stroke Prevention and Control Report (2020)” compiled by experts from the Stroke Prevention and Control Engineering Committee of the National Health and Medical Commission, among the newly screened high-risk groups of stroke in 2019, the proportion of people aged 40 to 64 years old was 73.48%.

  ”Generally everyone thinks that strokes only occur in middle-aged and elderly people, but in fact, in recent years, strokes and even sudden deaths caused by young people due to staying up late have not been uncommon. Among the patients we treated, people under the age of 45 accounted for the number of visits. The proportion of cerebrovascular disease is also rising.” Yan Tao said, this shows that my country’s high-risk stroke population is getting younger, and the prevention and control of stroke should be extended to young groups.

  Yan Tao (first from left), chief physician of the Department of Neurology, General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, discusses the case with his colleagues. (Photo provided by the interviewee)

  According to experts, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and heart disease are high-risk factors for ischemic stroke in young people. At the same time, unhealthy diet and lifestyle will also increase the risk of stroke, especially smoking, alcoholism, staying up late, lack of exercise, diet high in salt and oil, etc., which “play a key role” in the process of inducing stroke.

  It is worth noting that after a stroke, about 1.9 million brain cells die every minute, and brain tissue and the multiple functions it innervates will also be lost synchronously. However, if the symptoms of stroke can be identified early, and the patients are promptly sent to a hospital with the ability to treat stroke patients within 4.5 hours of the onset, and receive standardized vascular patency treatment, most of them can recover significantly or even completely, leading to a healthy and good life. Quality will also be saved. Therefore, it is extremely important to detect the early symptoms of stroke in time. Experts say such as loss of balance or coordination, sudden difficulty walking; sudden vision changes, difficulty seeing; asymmetrical face, crooked corners of the mouth; sudden weakness or numbness in an arm, usually on one side of the body; slurred speech , Inability to understand other people’s language and other symptoms, suggesting that a stroke may occur, then you should not wait for the symptoms to disappear on their own, but immediately call the emergency number and seek medical attention immediately.

  In view of the younger generation of stroke, how should we deal with it to avoid and stay away from it? Experts remind that the most important thing to prevent stroke in young and middle-aged people is to develop good living habits. First of all, you should understand the knowledge of stroke and improve your own health literacy. People over the age of 40 should preferably have a physical examination every year, and people with a family history should undergo genetic counseling in a timely manner to assess the risk of stroke. In addition, you should have a reasonable diet, balanced nutrition, exercise, and try to avoid smoking, drinking, sedentary, etc.

  Experts also emphasized that for young people, it is necessary to maintain mental health and adjust a good psychological state. It is necessary to realize that stroke is not the “exclusive” of the elderly, and young people are also at risk of the disease. Early attention, early detection, and early treatment are required.