Chen Biao (November 23, 1923-?), a native of Fuzhou, Fujian, astronomer, academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, doctoral supervisor.
Academician Chen Biao
Chen Biao’s ancestral home is Minhou County, Fujian Province, and he is a descendant of Chen Ruolin and Chen Baochen from the famous local Chen family. His father, Chen Ticheng, graduated from the Civil Engineering Department of the Industrial Technical School of the Shanghai Ministry of Communications (the predecessor of Jiaotong University). He was selected by the Ministry of Communications of the Beijing Government to study in the United States. After returning to China, he taught at Beiyang Institute of Technology. Director of the Department of Construction and Director of the Department of Finance, President of the Chinese Engineering Society, Professor of Peking University, Director of the Zhejiang Highway Bureau, etc.
Academician Chen Biao
Chen Biao moved with his father when he was a child. He graduated from Hangzhou Primary School in 1933, Fuzhou Junior High School in 1938, and Chengdu Shuhua Middle School Senior High School in the summer of 1941. Then he was admitted to the Civil Engineering Department of National Southwest Associated University Engineering College for one year. In the following year, he transferred to the Electrical Engineering Department of Chongqing Jiaotong University for half a semester, and then took a one-year leave of absence due to illness. In the summer of 1943, he was admitted to the second year of the Physics Department of Jinling University in Chengdu. After graduating in 1946, he taught in the Physics Department of Taiwan University and the Physics Department of Nanjing Jinling University. From 1946 to 1950, he taught himself German and Russian and made up modern physics theory. In 1947, he entered the Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy as an assistant.
On April 23, 1949, Nanjing was liberated. Chen Biao, who was staying at the Institute of Astronomy at that time, saw the Kuomintang troops retreating to Zijin Mountain, worried that the equipment on the mountain would be damaged, so he called the People’s Liberation Army in the city to get in touch. The next day, the People’s Liberation Army moved in and protected the observatory as an important target.
After 1949, Mr. Chen Biao worked in the Purple Mountain Observatory for a long time, engaged in scientific researches such as solar physics.
In the 1950s, Mr. Chen Biao put forward overall planning suggestions for the layout and development of China’s solar physics observation research, and made related achievements. Since then, Chen Biao has done a lot of work for the early construction of the Beijing Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Sun Observatory of the Yunnan Astronomical Observatory. Participated in the organization and coordination of the 19th to 22nd solar peak observation activities, the 1983 Kunming International Symposium on Heliophysics, attended many international academic conferences and organized international astronomical academic activities.
Academician Chen Biao
In 1980, Mr. Chen Biao was elected as a member (academician) of the Department of Mathematical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and was later elected as a member of the Standing Committee of the Department. In July 1980, he served as the director of Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, and later became the honorary director. In 1993, he participated in the establishment of the East China Astrophysics Research Center in Nanjing.
Mr. Chen Biao has long organized and promoted the research and development of solar physics observation in China and made important contributions. He is known as one of the founders of modern Chinese astrophysics.
Mr. Chen Biao’s main research fields are the design and manufacture of solar observation instruments, solar activity cycle, solar troposphere structure, etc. At the same time, he is committed to promoting the establishment of China’s solar observation network, organizing national observations of solar activity peak years, and promoting international exchanges and cooperation in the field of heliophysics .
Mr. Chen Biao
According to the website of the Purple Mountain Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in June 2020, Chen Biao has trained a whole generation of talents engaged in solar physics research for China.
On November 10, 1993 (or 6 am on November 10, 1992), Chen Biao mysteriously disappeared on his way from the Nanjing Soil Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Sciences to the Department of Astronomy of Nanjing University to attend the first Symposium on Astrophysical Mechanics.
It happened on the morning of November 10, 1993. At 9 o’clock in the morning that day, in the conference room of the Department of Astronomy of Nanjing University, people were anxiously waiting for the old scientist to preside over the academic seminar, but they waited and waited but did not see Academician Chen Biao. The organizer of the meeting called Academician Chen’s home to inquire, and the family replied: He has already left! At about 10:00 in the morning, the organizer of the meeting called again to inquire about Academician Chen’s family, but neither party had any news. In this way, academician Chen Biao, an authority on astronomy in our country, mysteriously disappeared.
Academician Chen Biao
In view of the great impact of the disappearance of academicians of the Academy of Sciences, the Peng Jiamu incident that happened a few years ago is still fresh in everyone’s memory, so the relevant government departments have used various forces to search, but there is still no news.
On June 20, 1994, the Jiangsu Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China approved the publication of a missing person notice about Chen Biao. Zijinshan Observatory passed the Science and Technology Security Bureau of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Jiangsu Provincial Public Security Department, and successively published eight newspapers including the Yangtze Evening News, Zhejiang Daily, Xinmin Evening News, Fujian Daily, Yunnan Daily, Sichuan Daily, China Science Daily, and People’s Public Security Daily. notice. But so far his whereabouts are unknown.
The picture comes from the Internet
Later, people began to make some speculations about the disappearance of Academician Chen Biao. Some people thought that the old academician might have encountered a car accident. In order to avoid responsibility, the driver transported his body to the wilderness and threw it away. Because the time of the accident was too early, there were no witnesses, there were few people on the road where the accident occurred, and there were no cameras for urban traffic surveillance at that time, so the missing incident could not be investigated.
Family background: Chen Lun, the eldest sister of Mr. Chen Biao, came to the United States in 1947 and received a doctorate degree, engaged in biochemical research. The second sister, Chen Xiang, is an expert in the Laboratory Department of Beijing 301 Hospital. The eldest sister, Chen Gang, was a professor at Beijing University of Technology after graduating from Tsinghua University. The younger sister, Chen Sui, was assigned to study in the Soviet Union after graduation from Renmin University of China, where she studied law and then worked in the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. His younger brother, Chen Chi, is an expert in fracture mechanics. He graduated from the Department of Physics of Tsinghua University and stayed on to teach there. Mr. Chen Biao’s wife Hao Wenying is a soil microbiologist.