According to Qilu Evening News
At present, many places in my country have entered a period of high influenza incidence.
There is also a high incidence of influenza in Jinan City.
This winter and next spring, it is necessary to strictly prevent new coronary pneumonia and influenza, etc.
There is a risk of superimposed epidemics of respiratory infectious diseases.
In response to the recent influenza cluster outbreaks in many schools,
Earlier, the Jinan Center for Disease Control and Prevention issued a reminder:
Parents, please don’t panic.
For protection during flu season,
It is best to complete your flu vaccination by the end of October.
Jinan City Disease Control:
Influenza has a high incidence, and H3 virus infections are mostly
Recently, Chang Caiyun, director of the Infectious Disease Control Institute of the Jinan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, said that the influenza virus mutates almost every year. Through the monitoring of the influenza surveillance sentinel hospitals, the strain prevalent in Jinan this year is the H3 virus. It is recommended that citizens get the flu as soon as possible. Vaccination for prevention.
Influenza is an acute respiratory infectious disease caused by influenza virus. Influenza virus is easy to mutate and spread rapidly. Schools and kindergartens are prone to outbreaks. It is mainly transmitted through the droplets produced when the patient coughs, sneezes or speaks, and can also be transmitted through contact with items contaminated by the patient’s secretions (such as contaminated tableware, teacups, toys, etc.).
Types of Influenza
Influenza viruses belong to the Orthomyxoviridae family and are divided into four types: A, B, C, and D (or A, B, C, D). “At present, the viruses that cause seasonal influenza epidemics are H1N1 and H3N2 subtypes of influenza A viruses and the Victoria and Yamagata lines of influenza B viruses.” Chang Caiyun said that through the influenza surveillance sentinel hospital monitoring, this year Jinan City The prevalent strain is the H3 virus.
Infection with the influenza virus usually lasts about a week and is characterized by sudden onset of high fever, muscle aches, headache and general malaise, cough, and sore throat. Some patients have mild or asymptomatic symptoms, but influenza infection in the elderly and chronic patients can cause viral myocarditis, pneumonia, and even death.
There are hospitals in Jinan that receive about 200 cases every day
Children with flu-like symptoms
On the 26th, Wang Hui, deputy chief physician of the Department of Respiratory Medicine of the Second Hospital of Shandong University, introduced that in the outpatient clinics she received, the number of cold or flu patients decreased by 1/3-1/2 compared with the high incidence of influenza before the new crown pneumonia epidemic during the same period. The prevalent strain in Jinan this year is H3 virus, a common subtype of influenza virus. “Whether it is H3N2, H1N1, etc., the influenza symptoms of these subtypes are similar.” If the infection is mild influenza, Wang Hui suggested that patients first self-isolate, drink more water, and pay attention to a balanced diet. Patients with a slightly severe condition can take antiviral drugs such as oseltamivir, zanamivir, and peramivir or go to the hospital as soon as possible.
Pediatric Clinic, Second Hospital of Shandong University
Because children have low resistance and relatively intensive range of activities, they are susceptible to influenza, so there are often “long queues” in pediatric outpatient clinics during the influenza season each year.
On the 26th, the reporter saw at the Pediatric Clinic of the Second Hospital of Shandong University that although some children were waiting for a doctor or infusion, there was no “crowding” phenomenon during the same period of high influenza incidence in previous years. Guo Qinghui, deputy chief physician of the Department of Pediatrics at the Second Hospital of Shandong University, said that the hospital carried out morning and night outpatient clinics, which also played a role in alleviating the phenomenon of ‘long queues’. “He said that the current number of children with influenza in the pediatric department of the hospital is not much different from that of the past, and the number is less than the same period in previous years.
Pediatric Clinic, Second Hospital of Shandong University
“Due to the current new crown pneumonia epidemic, we have opened a separate fever clinic. The fever clinic receives nearly 100 children every day. Among the general pediatric clinics, the recent outpatient number was more than 300, of which 1/3 had influenza. Children with symptoms. Of course, children who go to the general outpatient clinic must prove that they are not infected with the new coronavirus through nucleic acid.” That is to say, at present, nearly 200 children with flu symptoms are treated in the pediatric outpatient department of the hospital every day. Before the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the number of pediatric outpatient clinics during the same period could reach 500 or 600 cases, of which children with flu symptoms could account for 1/2-2/3, or more than 300 cases. It can be seen that proper protective measures against new coronary pneumonia are also a very important measure to prevent influenza.
Guo Qinghui also reminded, “Once children have flu symptoms, they must rest at home, especially children in kindergartens and primary schools. Do not let children go to school with illness. Strengthening nursing and taking medicine at home is the best solution.” Dr. Guo It is emphasized that if the child has symptoms of high fever, parents must observe the child’s mental state and diet. If the child has symptoms such as poor mental health and poor diet, it is recommended to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
“The commonly used anti-influenza drug for children is oseltamivir.” Dr. Guo said that if children usually have low immunity and are prone to symptoms such as repeated respiratory tract infections, oseltamivir can be taken in advance during the flu season.
Science to Prevent Influenza
Influenza vaccination is recognized as the most effective and cost-effective means of prevention. Chang Caiyun, director of the Infectious Disease Control Institute of the Jinan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, suggested that vaccinations be administered before the peak flu season in September and October each year. At the same time, train children to work and rest regularly, ensure adequate sleep, eat a healthy diet, and insist on moderate exercise; pay attention to weather changes, and add clothes in time to avoid catching a cold. Pay attention to develop good personal hygiene habits, change clothes frequently, wash hands frequently, cover mouth and nose with tissue or elbow when sneezing or coughing.
In addition, the home often opens windows for ventilation to enhance indoor air circulation. During flu season, try to avoid crowded public places with poor ventilation. If your child has flu-like symptoms, they should stay at home and not go to school with illness. When family members have the flu, avoid contact with each other, especially if there are the elderly, children and people with chronic diseases in the family.