How do you feel when you hear that someone has epilepsy ? Maybe you think it’s scary and strange, you don’t dare to look at it, or even don’t want to understand it.
Folks say epilepsy or staghorn wind is called ” epilepsy ” in medicine. In reality, you probably haven’t seen a seizure. But on TV, you must have seen it. Every time a patient becomes ill and starts to smoke, someone will immediately come around and pinch them, stuffing towels… Unfortunately, these methods are all wrong .
What the hell is going on with epilepsy? What are the correct first aid measures?
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Just by hearing the name epilepsy, you can imagine how bizarre the symptoms of epilepsy are, so that for a long time, people thought that the patient was crazy , mentally ill, or even cursed , also worried about being infected. These misunderstandings have caused patients to suffer a lot of unwarranted discrimination.
But in fact, epilepsy patients are not crazy, they are just… “electrical leakage”.
From a certain point of view, people are “electric”, because the brain relies on the transmission of electrical signals between nerve cells to complete the control of the body.
And if the nerve cells in the brain suddenly discharge abnormally, it is like a “leakage”. When there is sudden, short-term, abnormal electrical activity, it may cause epilepsy .
The symptoms you see, such as convulsions , rolling eyes, foaming at the mouth, etc. , are all the reactions of various parts of the body when “electricity leaks”, not that the patient is crazy. This abnormal discharge can come on and off abruptly. During an attack, the patient often loses consciousness.
Why does the well-rounded brain suddenly leak electricity?
If a person has epilepsy in childhood, it is mostly genetic . As for epilepsy in adults, many of them are actually caused by other brain diseases. For example , 3-50% of patients with brain tumors will have epilepsy; when we get old, epilepsy may be caused by some cerebrovascular diseases .
All of these situations are a “ticking time bomb” buried in the brain. If it is not treated in time, some day some stimulation, it may suddenly come and go.
For example, you may have seen entries such as “who and who stays up late for a long time to induce epilepsy” on the hot search, because staying up late may cause abnormal electrical activity in the nerve cells of the brain and induce epilepsy .
And when you stay up all night, dog digging in the ocean of homework, or playing games in the top of the cloud, or fighting in the Summoner’s Rift, may keep the brain in a state of excitement , increasing the possibility of abnormal discharge.
But it must be noted that this does not mean that “staying up late will cause epilepsy” . It is only when you have these diseases or epilepsy problems that you have these stimuli that you can induce epilepsy. Ordinary people occasionally stay up late and don’t like to mention hot searches, and become a negative typical, please rest assured.
You can often see this prompt when you play games too. Because the strong flash on the screen may also cause abnormal discharge of nerve cells, leading to “photosensitive epilepsy”.
In 1997, an explosive clip of “Pokémon” broadcast by TV Tokyo used the production method of high-speed alternation of red and blue frames , which directly caused 685 children that night to have varying degrees of dizziness, temporary blindness, convulsions and coma.
Once the Pokémon animation was suspended, Nintendo’s stock price plummeted. So later, many games and movies have added this prompt.
So what do you do when someone around you has a seizure? Do you rush up and hold TA like this?
Not all seizures look so scary. According to the classification of the International League Against Epilepsy , epileptic seizures are roughly divided into these categories. Like “absence seizure”, it is relatively quiet. The patient just stopped suddenly in the process of doing things , his eyes were dull, things fell in his hand, or he stopped suddenly in the middle of the sentence…
The more intense symptoms shown in film and television dramas, such as uncontrollable sudden convulsions and foaming at the mouth, belong to the “tonic-clonic seizures” in “generalized seizures”, also known as ” grand mal seizures ” , looks really weird.
Some people are worried that the patient will bite themselves when they have an attack, so they want to put their hands, towels, chopsticks, etc. into the patient’s mouth. However, at this time, the patient’s teeth are tightly closed, and the force is very strong. Forcibly stuffing things in, not only easy to cause tooth damage, joint dislocation, but also easy to be sucked into the trachea and suffocated, or even bitten by the patient.
Forcibly pressing limbs, pinching people and other operations are useless, and improper force may block breathing , or cause secondary injuries such as joint dislocation and fracture. Therefore, these methods are wrong and dangerous behaviors. So what should we do?
Most seizures are short-lived, resolve spontaneously within 1–2 minutes , and do not require emergency medical attention. So if you are with the patient, you don’t move, let him be fully automatic, move and move on his own.
There are also things you can do to protect her while she is twitching. For example, put soft items such as towels and clothes under the patient’s head to avoid head injury; turn its head to one side to allow the secretions in the mouth to flow out smoothly and prevent the airway from blocking the airway; if the patient has sharp, Items that are easy to bump into people can help to move them away to avoid other accidental injuries during the convulsion process.
All in all, it is to create a safe environment for TA and wait for the patient to finish convulsing by himself, instead of forcibly holding him down to stop convulsions and other behaviors. Of course, if the seizure time is very long and there is a long-term status epilepticus, then you need to call 120 and send it to the doctor.
We are often afraid of something because we don’t know enough about it. The so-called “epilepsy madness” is not as terrible as most people think. In fact, as long as timely diagnosis, treatment, and avoiding predisposing factors, most patients can live like ordinary people.
Today, 70%–80% of newly diagnosed epilepsy patients can be controlled with appropriate medical treatment . For example , carbamazepine can inhibit the sodium ion channel, reduce its excitability, improve the clinical symptoms of patients, and control the seizures of epilepsy. And most patients can be discontinued after 2–5 years of treatment.
If you see this, then you should not be so scared when you hear about “epilepsy” and “epilepsy” in the future. Epilepsy is not contagious, nor is it a particularly terrifying malignant disease, it is just a bug in the brain nervous system . I hope this video can make epilepsy sufferers less to bear some strange eyes.
After all, it’s 2022, and it’s long overdue to use scientific facts to clear up the grievances of epilepsy patients…. and Pokémon.
You see, in the 1997 episode of the animation that induced some photosensitive epilepsy, the protagonist was this 3D dragon, also known as the polygonal beast. After the incident, this episode of animation was permanently banned, and 3D Dragon was forced to withdraw from the group.
But in fact, it is just an ordinary Pokémon that is harmless to humans and animals, and the ban may be blamed on Pikachu, who has the aura of the protagonist. So much so that in 2020, Pokémon officials also tweeted to make peace for it.