According to the location and nature of the occurrence of deafness, it is divided into conductive deafness, sensorineural deafness and mixed deafness. Conductive hearing loss lesions are located in the external auditory canal and middle ear, and most of them can be restored or partially restored by drug or surgical treatment. Sensorineural hearing loss lesions are located in the inner ear, auditory nerve or auditory center.
The principle of treatment is early detection, early diagnosis, and early treatment. The purpose is to restore blood supply and oxygen supply to the inner ear as soon as possible, and strive to restore or partially restore the lost hearing. Therefore, if you find hearing loss, tinnitus or vertigo, you should go to the hospital in time. Patients with sensorineural deafness can use the residual hearing to wear suitable hearing aids, and if they are completely deaf, they can have cochlear implants. The treatment of deafness can be seen from the following aspects:
1. Western medicine treatment
The therapy of intravenous administration combined with intramuscular injection is mostly used, and vasodilators can also be added to the intravenous drip of glucose solution, and the intramuscular injection of vitamin B1 and B2 can be used at the same time. Or combined with traditional Chinese medicine injections, such as ligustrazine, compound salvia injection, angelica injection and so on. However, this kind of treatment cannot penetrate deep into the affected area. It only treats the symptoms but not the root cause, and patients will still experience deafness.
2. Chinese medicine treatment
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that sudden deafness is mostly caused by stagnation of qi and blood, the ear meridians are blocked by blood, and the qi of clear yang cannot reach the ear orifices, which reduces the normal physiological function of the ear, resulting in tinnitus, deafness and other manifestations. However, such a treatment takes a long time and requires a long time of conditioning, but for deafness diseases, the faster the treatment, the better, so ear specialists do not recommend this treatment method.
3. Surgical treatment
In the clinical research of long-term deafness and tinnitus, the treatment and rehabilitation system has been formed and developed. It includes: acoustic information therapy, water acupuncture therapy, ion intervention therapy, light wave therapy, pulsed electromagnetic field, implant therapy, etc. At present, the best surgical treatment for deafness is “argon iontophoresis”, which is used by the 94th Hospital of Nanchang People’s Liberation Army. Argon iontophoresis” to eliminate deafness and restore healthy hearing to patients.