How much do you know about endometrial polyps?

Endometrial polyps are one of the common diseases of women. They are caused by local hyperplasia of the endometrium, and are manifested as single or multiple smooth masses protruding from the uterine cavity. Women from childbearing age to postmenopausal women are all uterine High incidence of endometrial polyps.

1. What are endometrial polyps?

The cause of the formation of endometrial polyps is still unclear, and it may be related to excessive estrogen or inflammatory stimulation leading to excessive growth of the endometrium. For example, there is a lump of fat on the endometrium. Studies have shown that women from childbearing age to menopause are high-risk groups of endometrial polyps.

2. What are the manifestations of long polyps?

Endometrial polyps commonly present with intermenstrual bleeding, heavy menstrual flow, prolonged periods, or irregular bleeding. But if it’s a single, small endometrial polyp, the symptoms are usually mild and you don’t feel anything at all.

It is usually only discovered during an ultrasound examination. If it is a large polyp or protruding into the cervical canal, in addition to the bleeding and irregular performance mentioned above, there may also be foul-smelling bloody secretions, which is due to secondary infection and the possibility of necrosis.

3. What are the causes of endometrial polyps?

01 Chronic inflammatory stimulus

In normal life, women will inevitably have some chronic inflammations, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, vaginitis, cervicitis, etc. Because the symptoms of these inflammations are not specific, they are often easily ignored. Under the long-term stimulation of chronic inflammation , cervical canal local mucosal hyperplasia and other lesions, and then the formation of polyps.

02 Endocrine disorders

Estrogen is one of the important substances in women’s body. It not only has the physiological effect of promoting and maintaining female reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics, but also has obvious effects on endocrine, cardiovascular, metabolic system, and bone growth and maturation.

However, when estrogen levels are too high, it stimulates the growth of the lining of the uterus, which can lead to the formation of uterine polyps in the long run.

03 Not paying attention to personal hygiene

Personal hygiene is also very important for women, especially before and after menstruation, the body’s resistance is relatively weak, and various pathogens are more likely to invade the body and cause gynecological diseases. Avoid sex and bathing during menstruation, and change sanitary napkins frequently.

4. Can endometrial polyps affect pregnancy?

Whether endometrial polyps affect pregnancy is related to the location and size of endometrial polyps.

If the polyp happens to grow at the opening of the fallopian tube, or at the cervix, blocking the only way for our fertilized egg to implant, or if the polyp in the uterine cavity is larger and larger than 1cm in diameter, then the polyp will act like a roadblock that hinders fertilization Egg implantation. Both of these conditions may affect pregnancy.

5. What should I do if I get endometrial polyps?

If endometrial polyps do not cause symptoms such as increased menstruation, prolonged menstruation, abnormal uterine bleeding, and the diameter is less than 1 cm, the malignant transformation rate is low, and conservative treatment with traditional Chinese medicine can usually be considered, and follow-up observation is required.

However, if they have some high-risk factors, such as obesity, advanced age (>40 years old), patients with diabetes, polycystic ovary syndrome and other diseases, the possibility of polyp cancer in these patients will be higher than ordinary people, we should actively Surgery as soon as possible to avoid future troubles.