Health Science Lecture Hall | Autumn and Winter! Beware of Influenza Norovirus Hand Foot and Mouth Disease

Autumn and winter seasons alternate, the climate is changeable

Influenza, hand, foot and mouth disease and other infectious diseases frequently occur

children with weak immunity

The number of colds and fevers is increasing

How to effectively prevent infectious diseases

Be our focus!

Autumn and winter health tips:

Beware of the Three Viruses

Invited by “Health Science Lecture Hall”

 two experts

Popular science autumn and winter for everyone

Knowledge of the three major infectious diseases

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Influenza is a highly contagious acute respiratory infection caused by the influenza virus.

The source of infection is mainly influenza patients and latent infections, which are mainly transmitted through the droplets of their respiratory secretions, and can also be transmitted through direct or indirect contact with mucous membranes such as the mouth, nose, and eyes.


susceptible population

Influenza is generally susceptible to the population. Severe influenza mainly occurs in high-risk groups such as the elderly, young children, pregnant women, or those with chronic underlying diseases, and can also occur in the general population.


How to prevent?

Maintaining good personal hygiene habits is an important means of preventing respiratory infectious diseases such as influenza. The main measures include:

① Keep the environment clean and ventilated;

② Pay attention to maintain personal hygiene, wash hands frequently; wear masks;

③ Minimize activities in crowded places and avoid contact with patients with respiratory tract infections;

④ Maintain good respiratory hygiene habits, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue, towel, etc. when coughing or sneezing, wash your hands after coughing or sneezing, and try to avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth;

⑤ If you have symptoms of respiratory tract infection, you should rest at home and seek medical treatment as soon as possible.

⑥ Get the flu shot.

Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is an infectious disease caused by a variety of enteroviruses and is common in infants and young children under the age of 5. It can be transmitted through the digestive tract, respiratory tract and close contact.

The main symptoms are blisters on the mouth, hands, feet and even the back and buttocks.

How do parents deal with children at home?

There is no need to panic too much for hand-foot-and-mouth disease. After the patient gets sick, they only need to rest at home and supplement with drug treatment according to the doctor’s instructions. They do not need to go to the hospital for isolation and treatment.

Don’t take it lightly during the illness, because during the onset of the disease, the body’s resistance will decline, and the blisters appearing in the mouth, hands, feet, and even the back and buttocks will form small ulcers after rupture, and the injured skin and mucous membranes will be very It is easy to be infected with other viruses and bacteria, causing viral pneumonia, myocarditis, encephalitis, purulent bacterial infection and even sepsis. If these complications are not treated in time, severe cases can be life-threatening, which is also the cause of death in individual HFMD patients. Therefore, in addition to regular cleaning and disinfection of the living room, the patient himself should not go to public places.

How to prevent?

1. Wash your hands before and after meals;

2. Pay attention to keep the home environment hygienic and often ventilated;

3. Do not eat raw and cold food, and do not use raw water;

4. Do not go to crowded places

5. Vaccine against hand, foot and mouth disease caused by EV71 infection.

October 29 at 7:20pm

“Health Science Lecture Hall”

Hainan Public Channel and Hainan Provincial Health Promotion and Education Center launched a new health science column with the theme of spreading knowledge, preventing epidemic diseases, changing bad habits, creating new trends, and advocating health concepts, aiming to improve the awareness rate of public health knowledge. Health Science Lecture Hall.

Director system / Zheng Bohui

Producer/Hu Xiujuan

Editor-in-Chief / Hua Wanting

Reporter / Zhang Lei

Editor / Yao Huiling