China News Service, Shanghai, October 28 (Reporter Chen Jing) Stroke has the “five highs” characteristics of high morbidity, high recurrence rate, high disability rate, high mortality rate and high economic burden. It is a threat to the health of the Chinese people. One of the major chronic non-communicable diseases.
The seventeenth “World Stroke Day” is approaching, Wei Wenshi, director of the Department of Neurology of East China Hospital, bluntly said in an interview with reporters on the 28th that in recent years, stroke, a former “senile disease”, has gradually extended its “magic claws” to young people, and the incidence of Younger trend.
Wei Wenshi said: “Young people are generally under multiple pressures, and the stress response caused by stress will increase the risk of stroke. In addition, lack of sleep time, fat and greasy diet, poor weight management, irregular work and rest, smoking and drinking, etc. They are also accomplices of stroke. Therefore, people of all ages should pay attention to and develop good living habits.”
The chief physician expert said that after a stroke, patients usually have three types of symptoms: First, speech disorders, manifested as slurred speech, inability to express their wishes in words or incomprehension of others. The second is a limb disorder, which is manifested as asymmetrical faces on both sides, one side of the mouth is drooping, the arms on both sides have different strengths, one side will sag when the horizontal is lifted, and the arm will also appear numb; the third is balance disorder, manifested as loss of balance , can’t walk in a straight line, walk one foot deep and one foot shallow, etc. He pointed out that once the above 1~2 situations occur, you should immediately call the 120 emergency number and send the patient to the doctor for treatment.
In recent years, many hospitals in Shanghai have established stroke centers, opening up green channels for stroke rescue, and many tertiary hospitals can carry out arterial thrombectomy. Wei Wenshi emphasized: “The key to rescuing stroke patients is ‘fast’. As long as the hospital with a stroke center has the ability to rescue, we must not take a long way to go to a general hospital for treatment, which will delay the rescue opportunity.”
”While waiting for the ambulance to arrive, people around you can do some simple checks on the patient. First, keep the patient’s airway open and clean up foreign bodies in the oral cavity in time.” Wei Wenshi pointed out, “Secondly, measure the patient’s blood pressure and blood sugar. If the result is too high, antihypertensive and hypoglycemic drugs should be given. People around you should remove the metal objects from the patient and put on loose clothes, which will facilitate the development of follow-up treatment.”
Data show that about 75% of stroke patients have different degrees of dysfunction. The earlier regular rehabilitation therapy is started, the better the functional recovery of stroke patients. “Clinically, many stroke patients and their family members believe that rehabilitation treatment can only be carried out after the patient is discharged from the hospital, resulting in many patients starting to receive rehabilitation treatment only 1 month or even 3 months after the onset of the disease, and many patients miss it. The best time to recover.” An Bingchen, administrative deputy director of the Rehabilitation Department of East China Hospital, explained, “stroke patients can begin to receive rehabilitation within 48 hours after their vital signs are stable and their condition no longer progresses.”
”Sports rehabilitation training is not a short-term, but an ongoing process. In different stages of stroke rehabilitation, the purpose of sports rehabilitation training is also different.” In the “2022 World Stroke Day” Shanghai Health Lecture Hall special live program, The expert said bluntly that every action of rehabilitation treatment is carefully designed by therapists and doctors, and has undergone a large number of clinical trials to be safe and effective, and is tailored according to each patient’s situation. Avoid unnecessary damage. (Finish)