Economic Daily: Birth incentives need holistic thinking

  A few days ago, Shenzhen, Jinan and other places launched childcare subsidies. People in the industry believe that child development subsidies allow the government to participate more in the cost-sharing system for childbearing and upbringing, which can increase people’s willingness to bear children by reducing economic pressure.

  Introducing targeted policies and measures to support childbirth is very urgent in the current demographic situation. Taking out real money to subsidize childbearing families not only helps to reduce the pressure of childbearing and childbearing, but also reflects the country’s policy intention to encourage childbirth. As a region that implemented the policy of distributing childcare subsidies earlier, Panzhihua City, Sichuan, after the policy was implemented for one year, the number of births in the city increased by 1.62% compared with the previous year, of which, the birth of the second child increased by 5.58%; the birth of the third child increased by 168.4% %. This shows that the implementation of the childcare subsidy policy has achieved certain results in some areas.

  However, it needs to be clear that maternity subsidies are not the entirety of maternity support policies. In addition to economic factors, most families also consider issues such as childcare, housing space, education costs, and women’s employment rights when making childbearing decisions. If these issues cannot be effectively resolved, the pressure of raising children will be transmitted to all aspects of life. In order to change the society’s concept of childbearing and behavioral inertia, it is necessary to solve the childbearing pain points of young people on specific issues, and to stabilize young people’s confidence and expectations for social development at the macro level.

  Therefore, to reduce the cost of childbearing and childbearing, it is necessary not only to provide subsidies with real money, but also to improve relevant service guarantees and vigorously create a childbearing-friendly social atmosphere. On the basis of maternity subsidies, governments at all levels should also cooperate with diversified support measures to “subsidize” families who wish to have children in multiple dimensions. For example, increase the supply of public services for childcare, create an equal workplace environment for entrepreneurship and employment, improve the corresponding policy systems in education, employment, and social security, and introduce practical policies from the aspects of economy, law, and social fairness. measures etc.

  Fertility problems are not only economic problems, but also social problems. Only by using holistic thinking to establish a comprehensive fertility support policy system that is in line with my country’s national conditions, wider coverage, longer timeliness, and comprehensiveness can effectively solve the problem that Chinese families are afraid or unwilling to have children, so that the fertility rate can be boosted and gradually returned to China. to a reasonable level. (Wu Jiajia)