Red Net Moment News October 28 (Correspondent Wang Shu) 40-year-old Mr. Zhang had a meal and drink with friends during the National Day. The next day, he developed nausea, vomiting and other symptoms. He was so dazed that he almost couldn’t get out of bed, and none of the friends who ate at the same time had similar symptoms. Escorted by his family, Mr. Zhang came to the outpatient department of the Department of Endocrinology of the Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine. After examination, he found that the nausea and vomiting were not caused by food poisoning, but ketoacidosis.
During the doctor’s consultation, it was found that Mr. Zhang had been suffering from diabetes for 3 years, and he usually did not pay enough attention to it. Before the National Day, he stopped insulin and oral hypoglycemic drugs by himself, and the blood sugar increased sharply, which led to the occurrence of diabetic ketoacidosis. After 5 days of active treatment and care, Mr. Zhang’s ketosis was completely eliminated, his blood sugar was stable, and his smile was restored. Recently, the Department of Endocrinology of the Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine has treated many patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. What exactly is diabetic ketoacidosis? Let’s learn together today.
1. What is diabetic ketoacidosis?
Diabetic ketoacidosis is a syndrome of severe disturbance of sugar, fat, and protein metabolism due to a variety of incentives, such as a marked lack of insulin and an inappropriate increase in glucose-producing hormones. Patients often have symptoms of dehydration, which, if not treated in time, may lead to circulatory failure, which can be life-threatening. Ketoacidosis is a common acute complication in diabetic patients, and it is very dangerous!
What are the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis?
1. Weak limbs, extreme thirst, polydipsia, increased weight loss.
2. Anorexia, nausea and vomiting. Some patients have abdominal pain, exactly like acute abdomen.
3. Breathe deeply and quickly, some patients exhale a smell similar to rotten apples.
4. Headache, dizziness, malaise, lethargy, followed by irritability and drowsiness.
How to prevent diabetic ketoacidosis?
1. Regular diet: Every meal should have a staple food intake. Eat regularly and quantitatively, avoid excessive, sweet or insufficient, and do not drink too much.
2. Adhere to medication: take the medication as directed by the doctor, and do not adjust or stop the medication by yourself.
3. Combination of work and rest: pay attention to rest, exercise properly, and enhance immunity.
4. Avoid strenuous exercise and do not exercise on an empty stomach.
5. Prevention of infection: pay attention to prevent colds; it is not advisable to wear tight shoes to prevent diabetic foot; avoid all kinds of trauma.
6. Monitor blood sugar: Monitor blood sugar regularly to understand your blood sugar changes and avoid ketoacidosis caused by too high or too low blood sugar.
7. Strengthen study: Diabetic patients and their families should understand the common symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis, and seek medical attention immediately if any abnormality is found.