Lao Tzu is a well-known existence and has an extremely important position in history. In Taoism, Lao Tzu is the ancestor of Taoism, and he is called “Taishang Laojun”. His “Tao De Jing” is also regarded as a holy book by later generations. It is a precious book for governing the country and family, and self-cultivation. However, an ancient tomb was discovered in the Taiqing Palace in Luyi, where Lao Tzu was born, so could the owner of the tomb be Lao Tzu? What secrets are hidden in this tomb?
According to historical records, Laozi was born in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. It was rumored that the mother Li Shi had a difficult labor when she gave birth to Lao Tzu, so she immediately decided to cut open her stomach with a kitchen knife, and Lao Tzu was successfully born. The mother left a last word on her deathbed, hoping that her children would benefit all living beings, and Lao Tzu also followed everyone’s expectations, and founded Taoism.
At the beginning of 1997, archaeologists received orders from their superiors to excavate the Taiqing Palace in Luyi County, Henan Province. At this time, the nearby residents provided him with important information. Nearly 100 meters away from the Taiqing Palace, there is a loess platform, which is not very large, but it is called Hidden Mountain. Fifty years ago, the appearance of a vigorous heavy rain made the local people scruples about this place. What happened at that time? Let’s look down.
After the heavy rain, some red liquid washed out of the soil. After excavating with the red liquid, experts found a cinnabar pit here, and unearthed many copper bowls, jade plaques, and altar wooden tokens. According to legend, only people with profound Taoism can use Zhentan wood. This discovery shocked all the experts present. However, other items unearthed happened to be products of the Warring States period when Lao Tzu lived.
In May of the same year, archaeologists officially excavated the hidden mountain. Soon, two sacrificial bull pits were discovered. After a preliminary judgment, the age of the bull pits was close to the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. According to legend, Lao Tzu’s mount was a green bull, and the green bull became a famous image. Later generations also called Lao Tzu Master Qingniu.
Afterwards, the experts excavated the historic site along the direction of the Niukeng, and found a rammed earth wall. The excavation work was carried out in an orderly manner, and then a strange rectangular ditch appeared in the public eye. The experts on the side pointed out that this may be a tomb passage, and the existence of a tomb passage means that there is a tomb. This large tomb is located within the ruins of the Taiqing Palace, Laozi’s hometown. Could it be that the owner of this tomb is Laozi?
After careful personal experience and excavation, the outline of the tomb gradually emerged. It is a Chinese-shaped tomb with a length of 49.5 meters and a width of seven meters. However, during the excavation process, the experts found many holes with loose soil in the earth wall, which made the experts feel cold. Could it be that this large tomb has been stolen?
The expert continued to dig down with a hanging heart. When he dug to 3 meters, the expert found that the robbery hole before the tomb disappeared. Obviously, the robbery hole did not penetrate the ancient tomb. At the same time, experts found the skeletons of two women on the second step of the tomb. The skeletons were covered with red cinnabar. They were preliminarily judged to be two female skeletons under the age of 18. Why are there female skeletons in Lao Tzu’s tomb? Isn’t this Lao Tzu’s tomb here? Or is it the followers of Lao Tzu after his death?
In order to solve the mystery, the experts could only continue to dig down. When they dug to a depth of nine meters, groundwater appeared. Several pumps kept working, and the accumulated water in the tomb gradually subsided, and the ancient tomb gradually appeared. The things below are shocking. As the water level gradually drops, eight corpses are exposed in the tomb, which are placed in a mess, and the skeletons are all smeared with cinnabar. Human sacrifice?
According to the identification of human bones, the age of these martyrs was not very old, and some of them were even children. As the stagnant water completely receded, archaeologists found that there were more than 200 pieces of ceramics, 235 bronzes, 85 musical instruments, 78 chariots and horses, 46 weapons, 14 tools, and 12 other miscellaneous items in the tomb. Archaeologists became excited when they saw this situation. Among the many bronze wares, most of them are square bronze wares. In ancient times with strict hierarchy, only nobles had the right to use them.
With the deepening of the cleaning work, the archaeologists also discovered that there were inscriptions on a bronze vessel. After professional interpretation, it was found that these inscriptions were all Zhongding documents, which were difficult to interpret, which made the people present once again lost in thought. Is the owner of this tomb really Lao Tzu? If so, why would there be a living person buried? And why are there the bones of two women and the bronze vessels enjoyed by the nobles? This puzzles experts.