12 psychological effects

I am currently studying a psychology course and have learned about 12 psychological effects. I can’t wait to share them with everyone so that you can be more comfortable in social interactions.

First, the wild horse effect

Vampire bats feed on the blood of wild horses, but the amount of blood they suck is very small, far from enough to kill the wild horses. The cause of death of the wild horses is due to rage and running, and getting angry over trivial matters.

Many times we have to figure out why we are angry and anxious, and don’t hurt ourselves because of other people’s faults.

Second, the spotlight effect

Sometimes we inadvertently take our problems to infinity. When we make a fool of ourselves, we always think that people will notice. In fact, people may notice at the time but forget about it immediately afterwards. No one is paying attention to you as much as you are, and the spotlight effect only exists in your head and is not a reflection of the real situation. Try shifting your attention and it will be fine.

Third, the caterpillar effect

Place the caterpillars end to end in a circle on the edge of the flower pot, and scatter some pine leaves not far from the flower pot. The caterpillars circle around the flower pot day and night, and eventually die one after another due to hunger and exhaustion.

When our work encounters setbacks or comes to a standstill, we should strive to seek breakthroughs. We should not just focus on how much work we have done, but also how many results we have produced, that is, benefits.

Fourth, the flywheel effect

In order to make the stationary flywheel rotate, you must exert a lot of effort at first, and the flywheel will rotate faster and faster. When it reaches a certain critical point, you don’t need to exert more effort, and the flywheel will still rotate quickly without stopping. Stopped turning. Sometimes you may find it difficult to do something, but if you persist a little longer, it will become easy after the critical point.

Fifth, the candy effect

Psychologists tested whether a group of four-year-olds could eat candy after 20 minutes. After 12 years of tracking, children with different behaviors have different personality expressions when they grow up. The experiment uses the self-control, judgment, and self-confidence that the children showed when they were young to predict their personality when they grow up.

Be good at resisting temptation and not being fooled by immediate benefits. Don’t expect that self-control will automatically increase as we get older. We need to consciously exercise it.

Sixth, the sandwich effect

In critical psychology, adding the content of criticism to two praises will make the critic accept the criticism happily. While making suggestions and criticisms, not forgetting to recognize and care for the other person can enable the recipient of criticism to actively accept criticism and correct his or her shortcomings.

Seventh, exposure effect

Research on interpersonal attraction has found that we prefer things we are familiar with, and the more we see someone, the more likable and pleasant we find that person. If you want to enhance interpersonal attraction, you should pay attention to improving your familiarity in front of others. If you look familiar in front of someone, you will win favor.

Eighth, threshold effect

When making demands from others, don’t make too high demands at the beginning. You should make small demands first, and then gradually raise higher demands to them through encouragement, so that they can more easily accept higher demands.

However, you must also pay attention to your own threshold, and you must refuse when it is time to refuse.

Ninth, the birdcage effect

If a person has an empty birdcage in his living room, he is likely to buy a bird and raise it after a while.

People will accidentally acquire an item they don’t need, and then consciously or unconsciously add more things they don’t need.

Tenth, butterfly effect

The occasional vibration of a butterfly’s wings in the Amazon rainforest may cause a tornado in Texas two weeks later. The butterfly effect means that very small changes in initial conditions will cause extremely huge differences in its future state after continuous amplification.

Some small things can be confused, but some small things, if magnified by the system, are very important to an organization or a country, so they cannot be confused.

Eleventh, watch effect

The watch law means that when a person has one watch, he can know what time it is, but when he has two watches at the same time, he cannot be sure.

Two watches cannot tell a person a more accurate time, but will make the person who sees it lose confidence in the accurate time.

The watch theorem gives us a very intuitive inspiration in business management, that is, the same person or the same organization cannot use two different methods at the same time, cannot set two different goals at the same time, and cannot even have two people working for each person. Command at the same time, otherwise the company or individual will be at a loss.

Twelfth, Hedgehog Effect

Several sleepy hedgehogs huddled together due to the cold, probably because they all had thorns on their bodies, so they moved away for a while, but they couldn’t bear the cold, so they got together. After many twists and turns, the two hedgehogs finally found it. A suitable distance can allow each other to gain each other’s warmth without getting stabbed.

The hedgehog effect mainly refers to the psychological distance effect in interpersonal communication. Keeping a certain distance from your other half will neither alienate your relationship nor make you lose your sense of freshness towards each other. This is the best form of close relationship. Best condition.

The distance is maintained by certain principles, which treat everyone equally and can restrain both the leader himself and his employees. Once you master this principle, you will also master the secret of success and reasonableness.