Author: Guo Yifang Hebei Provincial People’s Hospital
Nowadays, more and more people suffer from hyperuricemia, which is mainly caused by unhealthy living habits. After hyperuricemia occurs, the following problems must be avoided, otherwise the condition will be aggravated.
First, when uric acid is found to be high, let it go and ignore it.
Hyperuricemia is not just as simple as elevated uric acid. Without timely intervention, the risk of developing gout, diabetes, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases will increase significantly in the future.
Hyperuricemia is only an appearance, behind which is a series of metabolic disorders, which are the basis for the occurrence of heart, brain and kidney diseases. Therefore, once an increase in uric acid is found, it must be treated in time under the guidance of a doctor.
Second, do not pay attention to improve eating habits.
After hyperuricemia occurs, it is necessary to adjust the dietary structure in time and reduce the intake of high-purine foods: liver and kidneys and other animal internal organs are high in purines and should not be eaten; beef, sheep, pork, and some seafood should also be eaten as little as possible.
Third, keep drinking.
Drinking alcohol, especially beer, both raises uric acid levels and increases the risk of gout attacks, so don’t drink it!
Fourth, drink sweet drinks.
Soft drinks, fruit juices (including freshly squeezed juices), and other desserts can reduce uric acid excretion and exacerbate hyperuricemia.
Fifth, delicious and lazy, do not control weight.
Obesity is a hotbed for the occurrence of hyperuricemia. Controlling diet, increasing exercise, and losing weight are effective measures to reduce uric acid.
Sixth, drink less water.
Drinking more water and urinating more helps to excrete uric acid. Drinking more water and ensuring that the daily urine output is more than 2000 ml can help to avoid the increase of uric acid.
Seventh, do not consult a doctor, take uric acid-lowering drugs at will.
Different people have different reasons for the increase of uric acid, some are due to excessive uric acid production, some are due to poor uric acid excretion, and some are both. Different types of hyperuricemia use different uric acid-lowering drugs, and the drugs used in gout attack and remission periods are also different, and some uric acid-lowering drugs have many side effects, so they cannot be used arbitrarily.
Eighth, do not pay attention to monitoring the efficacy and adverse reactions after taking uric acid-lowering drugs.
Uric acid should be checked regularly after taking the medicine, and the common side effects of the medicines used should be understood. Once adverse reactions occur, the plan should be adjusted in time under the guidance of a doctor.
Ninth, only pay attention to lowering uric acid, not other risk factors.
Hyperuricemia often co-exists with hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. Therefore, after finding elevated uric acid, you must pay attention to checking blood pressure, blood sugar, and blood lipids, and treat abnormalities in time, which can reduce the risk of heart, brain, and kidney complications.
Tenth, if uric acid is found to be slightly elevated, take uric acid-lowering drugs.
If there is no history of gout, mild elevation of uric acid generally does not require medication, as long as you change unhealthy living habits, uric acid can be lowered, and uric acid-lowering drugs should not be abused.
In addition, some commonly used drugs can cause elevated uric acid.
Source: Guo Yifang’s Frontier