1 person dies from a ‘stroke’ every 6 seconds

do you know?

Worldwide, 1 in 4 people will have a stroke, 1 person will die from a stroke every 6 seconds, and 1 person will be disabled from a stroke every 6 seconds.

Stroke (commonly known as “stroke”) is an acute cerebrovascular disease with the “five highs” characteristics of high morbidity, high recurrence rate, high disability rate, high mortality rate and high economic burden .

Stroke is divided into two types: hemorrhagic stroke and ischemic stroke (hemorrhagic stroke is characterized by intracranial hemorrhage or cerebral hemorrhage; ischemic stroke is cerebral ischemia caused by thrombus or debris blocking cerebral blood vessels, also known as “cerebral hemorrhage”. terrier” ).

Two types of hemorrhagic stroke and ischemic stroke

Among them, ischemic stroke accounts for 80%-90% . After a stroke, about 1.9 million brain cells die every minute , causing irreversible damage to the patient’s brain tissue, which can lead to limb paralysis, language impairment, dysphagia, cognitive impairment , etc. The huge burden has become the “number one killer” of the lives and health of the Chinese people. 

Aon Medical’s warm reminder: “The incidence of stroke increases significantly in seasons with low temperature and large temperature difference. Therefore, it is particularly important to prevent stroke in autumn and winter, especially those with underlying cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension, high temperature, etc. People with a history of blood lipids, diabetes , myocardial infarction, and cerebral infarction need special attention.”

Daily habits and behaviors should pay attention to the following 8 points


Lower blood pressure

Lower blood pressure

If high blood pressure is not controlled, the risk of stroke will increase, especially elderly hypertensive patients must keep warm in autumn and winter, pay attention to the weather forecast, and add clothes appropriately. At the same time, increase the frequency of monitoring blood pressure, especially in the morning, evening and when the temperature changes significantly. If you find that your blood pressure suddenly rises, you should go to the hospital in time and adjust your antihypertensive drugs under the guidance of a professional doctor. 

6 Tips for Controlling Blood Pressure:

1. Reduce dietary salt to 1,500 mg per day.

2. Avoid high cholesterol foods such as hamburgers and cheese.

3. Eat 4 to 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day and replace meat with fish 2-3 times a week.

4. Exercise more, at least 30 minutes a day.

5. Quit smoking.

6. Take antihypertensive drugs.

PART 02 

lose weight

lose weight

If you are overweight, losing 4-5 kg ​​of body weight can effectively reduce the risk of stroke. It is recommended to consult with Aon’s family doctor to develop a personal weight loss strategy.

Try to eat no more than 1,500 to 2,000 calories per day (depending on your activity level and current BMI)




Exercise helps to lose weight and lower blood pressure, and can also be used as one of the means to prevent stroke. It is recommended to exercise at least 5 days a week, with no less than 30 minutes each time, to reduce the risk of stroke.

how to exercise

1. After breakfast every day, take a walk in the neighborhood.

2. Take the stairs as much as possible and reduce the elevator.

3. If you don’t have 30 consecutive minutes of exercise, divide it into 10 to 15 minutes of exercise several times a day.


Drink in moderation

Drink in moderation

Drinking more than two drinks a day is associated with an increased risk of stroke, and no or moderate alcohol consumption is recommended.

How to drink in moderation

1. Make red wine the first choice.

2. 150ml of wine, 340ml of beer and 40ml of white wine.


Treating atrial fibrillation

Treating atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation is a form of irregular heartbeat that causes blood clots to form in the heart. These clots can travel to the brain and cause a stroke. Studies have shown that people with atrial fibrillation have a nearly 5 times greater risk of stroke. If you have atrial fibrillation, take it seriously and be positive. treat.

How to Treat Atrial Fibrillation

1. If you have symptoms such as heart palpitations or shortness of breath, see your doctor for a checkup.

2. Patients with atrial fibrillation may need to take anticoagulant drugs to reduce the risk of stroke caused by atrial fibrillation, and follow the doctor’s instructions to complete the treatment.


blood sugar control

blood sugar control

High blood sugar can damage blood vessels over time, making it easier for blood clots to form in them. Controlling blood sugar and weight is essential for preventing strokes in diabetics.

How to control blood sugar

1. Monitor blood sugar as directed by your doctor.

2. Use diet, exercise, and medication to keep your blood sugar within your target range.




Staying up late increases the risk of stroke, and most young people have strokes in the second half of the night. Regular work and rest and adequate sleep can effectively reduce the risk of stroke. It is suggested that the best time to fall asleep in autumn is 21-22 o’clock and wake up time is 5-6 o’clock.


quit smoking

quit smoking

Nicotine and carbon monoxide in cigarettes are recognized as the main harmful factors in causing atherosclerosis, where nicotine accelerates the formation of blood clots, thickens the blood, and increases the amount of plaque buildup in the arteries.

How to Quit Smoking

1. Go to the smoking cessation clinic to seek professional medical help.

2. Assess the characteristics of the disease caused by smoking, and formulate a personalized smoking cessation plan.

3. Smoking cessation drugs, which can be lozenges or oral drugs, or externally patched drugs. The main ingredient of these drugs is nicotine, which can relieve the symptoms of dependence caused by quitting smoking and help complete the process of quitting smoking.

How to quickly identify a stroke?

The Stroke 120 mantra is a strategy for the general public to quickly recognize stroke and act now:

120 formulas for stroke

What if a stroke occurs?

Immediately after the onset of symptoms, patients should be sent to a stroke center and other hospitals with treatment capabilities, and receive standardized treatment, which can increase the chance of recovery and improve the quality of life.

What are the rehabilitation treatments for stroke?

Stroke rehabilitation includes physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, psychotherapy, orthopaedic therapy, traditional Chinese therapy, and rehabilitation nursing. The doctor formulates a practical and comprehensive rehabilitation treatment plan according to the actual situation and objective conditions of the patient. Precautions.

Reference: 2019 AHA/ASA Guidelines for Ischemic Stroke

Summary of this article

Seasonal alternation is the peak season of cerebrovascular accident. “Three high” patients, obesity, like smoking and drinking and other high-risk groups, while changing their unhealthy lifestyles, should always pay attention to the signals sent by the body. At the same time, people over the age of 30 should be regularly screened for stroke risk factors, so that early detection, early prevention, early diagnosis, and early treatment can effectively prevent stroke.